Benin is a republic whose 1990 constitution
guarantees multi-party systems and protection of human
rights. The President has a strong position: he is the
head of state and appoints the ministers in the
government. The president can appoint a prime minister
to lead the day-to-day government work, but has often
chosen this task himself.
The president is elected in direct elections of five
years with the possibility of re-election once. The
country's parliament, the National Assembly, makes laws.
Its 83 members are elected in general elections for four
years. Administratively, Benin is divided into 12
Total population and chart of Benin for years of 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023 and 2024. Also covers population density, birth rate, death rate and population growth rates.
After a period of political turmoil, several
legislative changes were adopted in November 2019. Among
other things, the number of Members in Parliament will
be increased from 83 to 109. Twenty-four of the new
seats will be reserved for women. At the same time, a
new post as Vice President will be established.
There are a very large number of political parties
but the differences between them are often not so great;
more important is who is the party leader and where they
come from. In order to gain as much influence as
possible, many parties usually cooperate in broad
coalitions, but at the same time they have had an easy
change of alliance partners when it suits them.
The main political divide was until 2006 between
opponents of President Mathieu Kérékou and the parties
that supported him. Kérékou had his strongest support in
the north while his opponents dominated in the south.
Independent economist Yayi's victory in the 2006
presidential election shook the political establishment
and traditionally the most important parties in its
foundations. But politicians have continued to be
categorized to some extent based on whether they belong
to "north" or "south". Yayi is of mixed origin but was
still considered "north".
The cauri forces for a prominent Benin
(Forces Cauris pour un Bénin émergent,
FCBE) (cauri = a worm traditionally used as a
means of payment) was formed as an alliance of some 20
smaller parties in support of the then President Boni
Yayi for the 2007 parliamentary elections. that choice
became FCBE's largest grouping. In the 2011 election,
FCBE's position in Parliament was strengthened, but the
alliance lost ground in the 2015 parliamentary
elections, although it received the most votes. In early
2018, FCBE was converted to a party of the same name.
The Alliance Union makes the nation
(Union fait la nation, UN) includes the
Social Democratic Party (PSD),
the African Movement for Democracy and Progress
(Movement africain pour la democratie et le progrčs,
Madep) and the Democratic
Forces Union (Union des Forces Democratiques,
UFD). The UN also lost ground in the
2015 elections. The Alliance lost more than twice as
many mandates as FCBE.
One of the larger parties is the Democratic
renewal (Parti du renouveau démocratique,
PRD) which has the most sympathizers
around Porto Novo. The party has been part of the UN
Benin's rebirth party (Parti de la
renaissance du Bénin, RB) was a major
opposition party during Mathieu Kérékou's time in power
(1972-1991). RB, which has its main support around
Cotonou, has been characterized by internal divisions
during the 2000s. RB was formerly a member of the UN but
changed foot after the 2011 election and then supported
President Yayi. Also in the 2016 presidential election,
RB supported the FCBE candidate. In the 2015 election,
RB came in fourth place in alliance with another party,
Patriotic Awakening (Réveil Patriotique,
In late 2002 and early 2003, Benin's first election
to local parishes was held since the early 1990s. The
elections were part of an ongoing decentralization of
the country's government. When local elections were held
again in the spring of 2008, they were disturbed by a
number of inaccuracies and accusations of electoral
fraud and the elections had to be redone in a number of
constituencies. Local elections would have been held in
April 2013, but were postponed several times due to an
update of the electoral length. The election first took
place in June 2015.
In the parliamentary elections in April 2019, only
two parties were able to participate since the others
failed to meet the stricter administrative requirements
that new electoral laws from autumn 2018 imposed on the
parties. The two parties participating were the
Progressive Union and the Republican
Party, both faithful to President Talon.
Benin is granted debt relief
The rich countries in the G8 group allow Benin
amortization of about $ 1 billion in debt, according to
what they decided at its summit in Scottish Gleneagles
the year before.
Boni Yayi wins the presidential election
Politically independent economist Boni Yayi wins the
crucial round of the presidential election with
three-quarters of the vote. He defeats Adrien Houngbédji
of the Democratic Renewal Party (PRD).