According to the 1995 Constitution, Malawi is
a republic, led by a president with great powers. The
president is elected in general elections for a term of
five years and may be re-elected. The president leads
the government's work and appoints the ministers.
The Legislative Parliament has 193 members who are
also elected in general elections for a five-year term.
Two-thirds of the members require support for changes in
Total population and chart of Malawi for years of 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023 and 2024. Also covers population density, birth rate, death rate and population growth rates.
The political parties are strongly linked to
different parts of the country and thus also to
different ethnic groups. Ideology has a secondary role.
It is common for Members of Parliament to change
parties, even though the Constitution prohibits this.
A watershed in Malawian politics was the 1994
presidential and parliamentary elections, when the
country's lifetime nominee President Hastings Kamuzu
Banda was forced to relinquish power after his party,
the Malawi Congress Party (MCP),
lost the parliamentary election to the opposition
Democratic Front (United Democratic
Front) UDF) which subsequently ruled
The UDF split in 2005 when the then President Bingu
wa Mutharika left the UDF and founded the
Democratic Progress Party (DPP)
which won the election in 2009 and has been ruling since
The MCP has been the country's largest opposition
party since the party lost power in 1994.
In third place comes the UDF and in fourth place is
the People's Party (PP)
which was formed in 2011 as support party to Joyce
Banda, the country's then vice president and president
2012–2014. After the 2014 elections, the People's Party
was Parliament's third largest party, but the party lost
80 percent of its mandate in the 2019 elections (see
The judiciary is characterized by a lack of resources
and subject to political control. Respect for human
rights is weak. Violence occurs, including torture, in
the police, and deaths have been required. Thousands of
prisoners are crowded into overcrowded prisons in
The scandal scandal is growing
63 officials at the Ministry of Health are suspended following suspicion of
involvement in the "cashgate".
Seventeen are charged with corruption
17 people are charged for involvement in "cashgate". One of them is Paul
Mphwiyo's former budget manager, Paul Mphwiyo, who made himself known for his
fight against corruption. He was subjected to an assassination attempt (see
September 2013) when he was allegedly about to reveal
corruption within the state administration.
Assistance against AIDS
Malawi is granted $ 332 million in aid from, among other things, the United
States, the EU and the UN to fight the spread of AIDS and other diseases.
Former high party official convicted of embezzlement
Oswald Lutepo, a businessman and formerly senior official in the ruling
People's Party, is sentenced to 11 years in prison for involvement in the
"cashgate". He is considered to be one of the prime responsible for the
embezzlement of state money.
The President saves on travel
President Mutharika abstains from a regional summit in Botswana to save
money. The Treasury is almost empty since foreign aid for about the equivalent
of $ 150 million was frozen after the disclosure of the "cashgate" corruption
scandal, where the equivalent of $ 30 million was embezzled during the first
half of 2013. The president would have led a delegation of over 30 people.
HD judges criticize corruption
Supreme Court President Andrew Nyirenda stirs up some excitement by saying
publicly that corruption permeates the entire Malawian society, "on the street,
in the public sector and in the private sector". He urges authorities, community
organizations, the judiciary and the police to fight corruption together with
New free trade agreement
Malawi and 25 other countries agree on a new free trade agreement, the
Tripartite Free Trade Area, which covers most of Africa between
Egypt in the north and South Africa in the south. However, before the agreement
can come into force, negotiations are required and the agreement is approved by
the parliaments of the countries.
The former army chief seized
The country's former army chief General Henry Odillo and his closest man are
arrested accused of being involved in the "cashgate" legacy. They should have
paid over $ 4 million for goods that were never delivered.