Seychelles is a republic where the president
has great powers. The United Seychelles (formerly Parti
Lepep) has been in power since 1977. One-party systems
prevailed from 1979 to 1993, when multi-party systems
The president is head of state and government as well
as commander-in-chief. They appoint all the ministers,
the vice-president, some high officials and judges and
prosecutors. The government's role is limited to
advising the president. Ministers are not usually in the
Total population and chart of Seychelles for years of 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023 and 2024. Also covers population density, birth rate, death rate and population growth rates.
Presidential elections and elections to the
Legislative National Assembly are held at the same time
every five years. The President may sit in power for a
maximum of two consecutive five-year terms. The National
Assembly consists of up to 33 members, 25 of whom are
elected by majority in one-person constituencies, while
the rest (up to ten seats) is distributed proportionally
between the parties that have received at least ten
percent of the vote.
In 2017, several constitutional changes were made,
which meant that a new election would be held within 90
days if a president died, resigned or was forced to
leave his post. Previously, the vice president had
automatically taken over power.
The left-leaning United Seychelles (United
Seychelles), which in 1978–2009 was called the
Seychelles Progressive People's Front (SPPF) and
2009–2018 Party Lepep, maintained a strong grip on power
even since the multi-party system was reintroduced in
1993. To reach high positions within the state
administration or gain access to government contracts
have required close ties to the government party.
The party is closely associated with Albert René, who
founded it in 1964. René was prime minister before
taking office in a coup in 1977. According to the
constitution, René was not allowed to stand for a fourth
re-election as president. He resigned in 2004 and was
succeeded by his Vice President James Michel, who then
won the 2006, 2011 and 2015 presidential elections, but
behind the scenes, René continued to influence politics.
Michel resigned in 2016 and was replaced by Vice
President Danny Faure. Party leader since 2017 is the
current Vice President Vincent Meriton.
The opposition has strengthened its position during
the 2000s. The leading opposition party
Seychelles National Party (Seychelles National
Party, SNP) is led by Pastor Wavel
Ramkalawan. The SNP advocates increased liberalization
of the economy and wants officials not to be politically
appointed. The party is also working on changes to the
electoral system that today are considered to favor the
government party. When the new election was announced in
2011, one year in advance, the SNP decided to boycott
the election. However, the party participated in the
2016 parliamentary elections in collaboration with four
smaller parties, the Seychelles Democratic
Alliance (Linyon Demokratik Seselwa, LDS). The
alliance then won a majority of the seats in the
National Assembly. One of the parties Lalyans
Seselwa, left LDS in early 2018.
The Seychelles United Party (Seselwa
United Party, Sup ; renamed 2013 by New
Democratic Party, NDP) has in recent years lost in
influence. James Mancham, who was the country's
president at independence, led the party from its
founding in 1964 to 2005. Sup is now a member of the LDS
In the 2011 election year, two new parties were
formed: the Popular Democratic Movement
(Popular Democratic Movement, PDM) and
the Seychelles Freedom Party
(Seychelles Freedom Party, SFP).
The EU and Seychelles cooperate against pirates
The EU and Seychelles conclude an agreement to fight the Somali pirates
together. The agreement allows the EU to deploy soldiers on the islands.
The United States promises support in pirate hunting
The United States promises to send drones (driverless aircraft) to the
Seychelles to assist the country in the fight against the Somali pirates.
Political parties change names
The SPPF government changes its name to Parti Lepep (People's Party). Michel,
who until now has been secretary general, becomes party chairman, while
ex-president René gets an honorary title as the party's founder. The opposition
party DP changes its name to the New Democratic Party (NDP), which was also its
More piracy off the Seychelles
Somali pirates are becoming increasingly active in the waters around the
Seychelles since the surveillance in Aden Bay outside Yemen and Somalia has
The Seychelles are granted tax relief
Seychelles successfully negotiates with the Paris Club and receives 45
percent of its foreign debt. The Paris Club is a forum where publicly guaranteed
credits can be renegotiated when a country has had such a large payment problem
that it cannot pay its debts.