Sierra Leone is a republic where the
president has great power. With the interruption of four
years of military rule in the 1990s, two parties have
taken turns in ruling the country.
In the transition to civilian government in 1996, the
1991 Constitution (see Modern History), which, however,
received several amendments and additions, was
reintroduced by 2015. The executive power is exercised
by the President, who is head of state and government as
well as commander-in-chief. The president is elected in
general elections for five years and can be re-elected;
if they receive no more than half the votes, a second
round of elections is held between the two main
candidates. The voting age is 18 years.
Total population and chart of Sierra Leone for years of 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023 and 2024. Also covers population density, birth rate, death rate and population growth rates.
The legislative power lies with Parliament, which
consists of a chamber of 124 members, of which 112 are
elected in general elections for five years. Twelve
places are reserved for the highest traditional chiefs.
To get into Parliament, a party must get at least 12.5
percent of the vote in at least one of the country's 14
In Sierra Leone, there are a number of different
political parties, but two of them have dominated
politics for years. The Sierra Leone People's
Party (SLPP) gained power even before
independence in 1961 and retained it until 1967.
Subsequently, SLPP has also ruled from 1996-2007. The
party is strongest among the Mende people in the
southern part of the country. SLPP returned to power in
2018 when its candidate Julius Maada Bio won the
presidential election. However, the party did not become
the largest party in parliament.
The All People's Congress (APC)
ruled between 1967 and 1992 and resumed government power
in 2007 under President Ernest Bai Koroma. However, he
was not allowed to stand for re-election in 2018.
However, APC presidential candidate Foreign Minister
Samura Kamara lost in the second round. However, Koroma
has stated that he intends to remain as party leader
when his term as president expires. The party's
strongest attachment is among the tem- and limba people
in the north.
The only party in addition to the two that were
represented in parliament after the 2007 election was
the People's Movement for Democratic Change
(People's Movement for Democratic Change, PMDC), a
SPLINTER PARTY from SLPP led by Charles Margai of the
country's most famous political family. In the 2012
election, the party did not enter parliament. Since
then, several new party formed: Coalition for
Change (Coalition for Change (C4C) led by the
former Vice President Samuel Sam-Sumana, who was
dismissed by the Koroma 2015. Democratic
Alliance party (Alliance Democratic Party ADP)
has been formed by another defector from APC Mohamed
Kamarainba Mansaray An even more recent party is the
National Grand Coalition (National
Grand Coalition, NGC) formed by Kandeh Yumkella, a
defender from SLPP.
Prior to the 2012 parliamentary elections, 27 parties
were deregistered because they had not accounted for
their financial assets and expenses. A total of nine
parties voted in the election, but only ACP and SLPP
were elected. In the 2018 election, 16 parties were
The future optimism that prevailed after the end of
the war in 2002 was subdued. Prior to the 2007
elections, there was widespread dissatisfaction that
living conditions had not improved significantly (see
also Finance). Old regional contradictions between the
two major parties also began to emerge, raising concerns
that the country would be divided. APC mainly has its
roots in the time groups and limba in the central and
northern parts of the country, while SLPP is strongest
among people in the south.
Several coup attempts and data on coup plans were
reported after 2003, which was a reminder that the
reclaimed democracy was fragile and that the problems
behind the war were not resolved. Since then it has been
quieter, but corruption is a continuing cause for
Administratively, Sierra Leone is divided into three
provinces as well as the so-called Western Area. These
in turn consist of 12 districts and 147 "chiefdoms",
long ruled by traditional chieftains. A return to
elected municipal councils took place in 2004. The
chiefdom was considered primarily to favor a relatively
limited circle of families who could enrich themselves.
The dissatisfaction with these injustices was also one
of the factors behind the civil war.
A new law against corruption is adopted
Among other things, the penalties are tightened and the country's highest
politicians and officials are forced to account for their financial assets.
Concerns about local elections
The elections are conducted throughout the country but are disturbed by a lot
of violence and unrest among the supporters of the dominant parties.
Large drug seizure
Police seize 600 kilos of cocaine from a private plane at Lungi International
Airport. Six Latin Americans, one American and several Sierra Leonis are
arrested. The seizure is one of the largest made in West Africa, where several
countries have been transformed into drug transhipment stations from Latin
America to Europe.